1Ghz and All That

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Summary: The purpose of this review is more a demonstration of the potential of the Thunderbird than a recommendation to buy this particular configuration. We found that the TBird holds its own against the
PIII in Win98, but did extraordinarily well running under Windows 2000. The amount of RAM also makes a considerable difference in high-end applications; another 128Mb can increase certain benchmarks as much as
going up 200Mhz in processor speed.

I bought a Slot A 750Mhz Thunderbird. When I cracked open the case, found out it was a 900Mhz core. Was able to stably
run it at 1007Mhz (9.5 X 106) at 1.85V on a water-cooled system.

Leading roles played by:

The processor: TBird, as mentioned. Northwind GFD 2.0 used. Generates a lot of heat. Water tube from CPU was a bit more than slightly warm to the touch. Despite this, ran well enough at 1007Mhz. Occasional problems
with 3DMark indicates it was being pushed close to the maximum. Additional voltage to 1.95V did not help in going further.

The motherboard: Asus K7M AMD 750 chipset motherboard. Capable, but quirky. BIOS revision 1009 essential for use with T-Birds, otherwise, processor runs at about 15% the normal rate. FSB overclocking capacities very limited; 110Mhz would not go, and other users report that inability typical.
As a older board, does not give you the option of running RAM at 133Mhz. AGP is a bit of a mess for serious gaming. Finally, just does odd things every once in while; didn’t like a certain keyboard, doesn’t always like working with a modem.

The memory: 128 and 256Mb Micron PC133 CAS2. The type of memory is overkill for this system, but, as you’ll see, the amount for certain tasks isn’t.

The hard drives: 20 Gb IBM 75GXP. Came close to stealing the show from the TBirds with stellar performance while sounding more like a mellow mosquito than a hard drive. However, the IDE controllers left much to be desired, so I instead used a Promise Fasttrak 66 RAID card and spanned the one drive (essentially treating it as a PCI IDE controller).

The video cards: Two were used, a Leadtek GeForce2 GTS and Matron G400. As you’ll see, probably not a fair platform to judge gaming performance of either the TBird or the GeForce2. The plain vanilla G400 handled the other benchmarks just as well as the Leadtek.

The Operating Systems: Windows98 SE and Windows 2000. Windows 2000 is a resource hog. So is a Ferrari. But give either what it wants under the right conditions, and they will fly.

First, the Sandra benchmarks at 1007Mhz:





Keep in mind that the memory test was run at only 106Mhz. From what we’ve seen from Duron scores, and as likely, you’ll be able to run at 124Mhz or better with a motherboard like the KT7, these scores should easily exceed BX standards.

Why two hard drive scores? Just to make you aware of a little trick of the trade. Sandra (and other hard drive benchmarking) scores are heavily affected by how you partition your drive. Most benchmarks test (or use by default) the inside sectors of your hard drive, the quickest part of the drive. At set intervals further out of the drive, speeds drop off.

For instance, the IBM 75GXP drops off from about 36-37Mb/sec on the inside tracks to about 24Mb/sec on the outermost tracks.

Tip: Put the programs/data that really benefit from fast disk access as close to the center as possible. Partition a relatively small C: drive and put your OS and critical programs and data there.

When I test, I usually make two small partitions (2-3Gb each) to hold Win98 and Win2000, then have a third partition hold the rest of the drive. The first Sandra test tested the first 2Gb of the hard drive. The second test operated over the last 15Gb.

On to the Win98 benchmarks:

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Video: The K7M was not the optimal platform for video testing. There are AGP issues with AMD chipset. When I ran Quake, I got 125fps no matter what I did, changing resolutions, overclocking the video card, nothing seemed to matter. I was getting about 6400 3DMarks in Windows98, but a lot less in Win2000. Wasn’t even sure I was running in AGP2X mode.

If you already have a K7M, you’ve fought through the AGP issues. If you don’t, you’re unlikely to buy a Slot A TBird or this mobo anyway. We’ll save the serious video review for the newer Socket A equipment.

However, Slot A CPUs and mobos handle more work-oriented benchmarks quite well, so let’s see how it did.

The T-Bird was tested at 800 and 1Ghz (actually 795 and 1007Mhz) using 128Mb and 256Mb RAM; resolution 1024X768 at 16bit (actually, different resolutions and color depth does affect the ZdNet benchmarks a few percentage points.

PIII stats come from earlier review and is not meant as an exact comparison

Winbench, Winstone, and Content Creation: Win98

(PIII scores run at 133Mhz FSB; TBird scores at 106Mhz. PIII scores obtained with IBM 22GXP hard drive; TBird scores
obtained with IBM 75GXP hard drive. All tests run with Matrox G400 card running at 1024X768 resolution at 16-bit color.)

Test PIII 733 256Mb RAM TBird 795 128Mb RAM TBird 795 256Mb RAM TBird 1007 128Mb RAM TBird 1007 256Mb RAM
Business Disk Winmark 4130 5900 5900 6120 6120
High End Disk Winmark 13800 20800 21200 21600 21800
AVS/Express 9100 13300 13300 13650 13450
FrontPage 98 88700 127500 129000 153000 149000
Microstation 13600 18350 18250 19900 19900
Photoshop 6920 11600 11700 11700 11700
Premiere 13600 22250 21400 23700 23400
Sound Forge 28400 28200 38500 29200 39000
Visual C++ 16900 29500 29800 31600 31000
Business Winstone 30.0 31.8 31.9 34.0 34.0
Content Creation 31.1 31.8 35.2 35.0 38.0

You can see the IBM 75GXP does much better than their one-year old grandfather, the 22GXP, roughly about
50% in Win98. In fact, a single drive does better than two 22GXPs in a RAID configuration. (We will have a RAID review next week.)

With one big exception, Win98 isn’t affected much by extra memory, in fact, the Winbench scores with 256Mb of RAM (with the big exception of Sound Forge)tended to be slightly less than with 128Mb (though within random variation). Business Winstone saw slight improvement.

However, Content Creation got a significant boost from the extra RAM, about 10%. This is nothing to sneeze at, it’s about the same amount of improvement you get going from 800Mhz to 1Ghz.

On the whole, the TBird holds its own against the PIII in Win98. As you’ll see next, though, Windows 2000 is a different story.

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Winbench Scores: Windows2000

Test PIII 733 256Mb RAM TBird 795 128Mb RAM TBird 795 256Mb RAM TBird 1007 128Mb RAM TBird 1007 256Mb RAM
Business Disk Winmark 6050 10700 11100 11800 11800
High End Disk Winmark 13800 25900 26200 25800 26400
AVS/Express 18300 27000 27500 27600 27800
FrontPage 98 117000 198000 204000 229000 239000
Microstation 24200 42300 43100 43500 44000
Photoshop 6470 11000 11000 11000 11300
Premiere 11000 22000 22000 22200 22500
Sound Forge 11700 26200 30600 26000 32000
Visual C++ 14100 28500 29300 29100 31000

The IBM 75GXPs do even better against granddaddy in Win2000 than they did in Win98. No respect for its elder.:)

Again, with the exception of Sound Forge, which apparently like extra RAM, no big

Winstone Scores:

Test PIII 733 256Mb RAM TBird 795 128Mb RAM TBird 795 256Mb RAM TBird 1007 128Mb RAM TBird 1007 256Mb RAM
Business Winstone 99 42.4 43.8 44.1 46.5 47.2
High End Winstone 99 47.1 55.2 56.8 61.3 63.8
AVS/Express 4.73 6.97 6.96 7.85 7.97
FrontPage 98 4.20 4.42 4.42 4.94 4.94
Microstation 5.36 5.84 6.04 6.55 6.76
Photoshop 7.12 6.01 6.90 6.90 7.80
Premiere 3.96 4.74 4.78 5.36 5.40
Sound Forge 3.66 5.73 5.84 6.00 6.30
Visual C++ 5.41 5.69 5.82 6.34 6.70

Business Winstone doesn’t show any significant TBird advantage, but when you go to High-End Winstone, the TBird smashes the PIII, even after allowance for the slower speed of the PIII.

Windows 2000 is not too good with just 128Mb RAM, whether it be PIII or TBird. The OS alone chews up about 70Mb. If you do any kind of graphics work, things slow down a lot.

However, give it 256Mb, and the TBird jumps way ahead. An 800Mhz TBird does over 20% better than a 733 PIII, far greater than the difference in Mhz, and with a 27Mhz FSB handicap.

Some of that is due to the improved hard drive, but the hard drive doesn’t spin too much during these tests.

Now take a look at this:

Content Creation Scores:

Test PIII 733 256Mb RAM TBird 795 128Mb RAM TBird 795 256Mb RAM TBird 1007 128Mb RAM TBird 1007 256Mb RAM
Content Creation 2000 39.2 43.7 48.8 47.0 55.8

The TBird lead extends a bit more at 800, to nearly 25%.

In both cases, extra RAM boosts TBird performance by more than 10%. Note that the TBird at 800Mhz and 256Mb RAM actually does better than a TBird at a 1Ghz and only 128Mb.

Some of you are probably hollering that this is hardly a fair contest without a 1Ghz PIII in the fray, and in time, we’ll do that comparison.

But in the meantime, look at this (and keep in mind the two were about even in Win98):

Percentage improvement in Content Creation between Win98 and Windows 2000 with 256Mb RAM

PIII at 733Mhz 26% improvement
TBird at 800Mhz 39% improvement
TBird at 1Ghz 47% improvement

The TBird likes Windows 2000 a lot.

So if you do the kind of work that Content Creation covers, and you do it in Windows 2000, you definitely have to give the TBird the most serious consideration if you’re getting a new machine in the near future.

Email Ed

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