With all the news coming out this week, 2011 is kicking off with a real bang for those looking to get top performance from their computers. Intel broke the silence on their latest platform to start the week off. Soon I’ll be landing in Vegas to cover CES and learn more about what our favorite companies see in store for us through 2011… Today however we bring you more new processor offerings from the green team at AMD, and specifically this review will be looking at AMD’s premier quad-core desktop processor – the new AMD Phenom II X4 975 Black Edition clocking in at blistering default frequency of 3.6Ghz (200Mhz x 18 = 3600Mhz).
This processor brings with it the best quad-core performance you can purchase from AMD out of the box, bumping up the base speed 100mhz from the already available 970BE priced currently at $185 at newegg.com. AMD’s approach to remain competitive in the mainstream desktop segment continues to target the best value for a given level of performance. This 975 BE looks to deliver at a price point under $200, with compatibility on existing AM2+ and AM3 boards as well as future AM3+ platforms. This review will cover the 975 BE’s stock specs, baseline benchmark scores, and overclocked results to give you an idea of what to expect out of these chips beyond what you can buy off the shelf. This is a fully unlocked multiplier product, which means you have the best possible control with the frequencies you want to run the chip at. Lets get down to business and see how this chip stacks up.
Features & Specifications
The most prominent feature of this chip and the AM3 platform that I’ve recognized through my testing of AMD quad-core Deneb processors is the capacity for “tweaking”. There is simple, and there is complex, and they are very distinct.
Simple: With a black edition CPU like the X4 975 BE, you have the option of simplicity where you can simply modify the CPU multiplier and leave all other settings at default. This is basic overclocking at its simplest – increase the multiplier until the sytem becomes unstable, then reduce the multiplier one level and test again for stability. Without touching voltages or any other frequency settings, you can typically get a couple hundred extra Mhz as simple as that. Just by increasing CPU voltage slightly, you can typically get a couple hundred Mhz more once again. Easy as pie.
Complex: You also have the option of complete control of all the variables possible, and this is where the chip really shines for enthusiasts who like to get every last drop out of the hardware – tweakable frequencies of pertinent interest to AMD overclockers are FSB, CPU-NB, HT Link, and RAM. Each of those work off of the base FSB frequency you select, whose frequency can then be tweaked through separate multipliers for each subsystem the CPU relies on to operate. These settings determine the individual operating frequency over which the CPU talks to the rest of the platform – being able to tweak each separately gives total control to leverage everything your hardware has to offer. I’ll give some examples of this further in the results section.
Here’s a look at the basic specs of the AMD Phenom II X4 975 Black Edition:
- Product Name: Phenom II™ X4 975 Black Edition Processor
- Model Number & Core Frequency: X4 975 / 3.6GHz
- OPN: HDZ975FBK4DGM
- L1 Cache Sizes: 64K of L1 instruction and 64K of L1 data cache per core (512KB total L1 per processor)
- L2 Cache Sizes: 512KB of L2 data cache per core (2MB total L2 per processor)
- L3 Cache Size: 6MB (shared)
- Total Cache (L2+L3): 8MB
- Memory Controller Type: Integrated 128-bit wide memory controller *
- Memory Controller Speed: Up to 2.0GHz with Dual Dynamic Power Management
- Memory Supported: Unregistered DIMMs up to PC2-8500 (DDR2-1066MHz) and PC3-10600 (DDR3-1333MHz)
- HyperTransport 3.0 Specification: One 16-bit/16-bit link @ up to 4.0GHz full duplex (2.0GHz x2)
- Total Processor-to-System Bandwidth: Up to 37.3GB/s total bandwidth [Up to 21.3 GB/s memory bandwidth (DDR3-1333) + 16.0GB/s (HT3)]
- Packaging: Socket AM3 938-pin organic micro pin grid array (micro-PGA)
- Fab. location: GLOBALFOUNDARIES Fab 1 module 1 in Dresden, Germany (formerly AMD Fab 36)
- Process Technology: 45-nanometer DSL SOI (silicon-on-insulator) technology
- Approximate Die Size: 258mm2
- Approximate Transistor count: 758 million
- Max TDP: 125 Watts
- AMD Codename: “Deneb”
For comparison in this review to give readers a better idea of value for the dollar and performance, we’ll be comparing against a 965 BE which is rated 200 mhz lower at 3.4Ghz (200Mhz x 17 = 3400Mhz), but shares the same specifications otherwise.
Test System, Opponents and Methodology
- Processors: 965BE & 975BE
- Motherboard: Biostar TA890FXE
- Memory: G.Skill 2x2GB Trident DDR3-2000
- Graphics: HIS Radeon HD 4890
- Power Supply: BFG Tech 1000W
- Heatsink: Cogage True Spirit
- Fan: Airking Utility Blower
- OS: Windows 7
Superpi1m, wprime32m and pifast benchmarks were run 3 times at stock and overclocked and the average of these runs is presented; these benchmarks complete the quickest and taking the average of multiple runs compensates for small variations between runs which can make a notable difference in comparisons. The longer benchmarks were run only once – they too vary slightly upon each run, however variance between runs with the same settings is approximately .5% of the total scores, which I consider an acceptable level of accuracy for the purpose of this results comparison.
The maximum CPU frequency for running the overclocked benchmarks was identified by running 10 minutes of Prime95 without crashing while not surpassing 50C on the CPU temperature. Those settings were then used for all overclocked results on each processor. Overclocked settings for all relevant tests were as follows.
965 BE Overclocked Settings
CPU: 4387.5Mhz (225 x 19.5) @ 1.524V
Memory: 900Mhz (225 x 4) 9-9-9-24-30 1T @ 1.65V
CPU-NB: 2700Mhz (225 x 12) @ 1.3V
975 BE Overclocked Settings
CPU: 4500Mhz (225 x 20) @ 1.536V
Memory: 900Mhz (225 x 4) 9-9-9-24-30 1T @ 1.65V
CPU-NB: 2925Mhz (225 x 13) @ 1.35V
In finding the maximum overclock to run the tests at, the highest I was able to get the 975 BE frequency was 4510Mhz (220 x 22.5). However, I chose to back down to 4500Mhz because that enabled me to run the memory at the same frequency as the 965 BE, making this a better direct comparison of the 2 processors. I was also able to get the CPU-NB on the 975 BE much closer to 3000Mhz, which helps memory performance slightly in the benchmarks. I can’t help but say I was hoping to run the tests closer to 4.6Ghz, but then being stable enough to run the complete benchmark suite with ease at 4.5Ghz is nothing to sneeze at. Keep in mind however that I wouldn’t expect these to be 24/7 stable settings and you shouldn’t either. The voltages are high and the stability could be questionable long term, but this is Overclockers.com after all.
When interpreting the following results, take note that they display relative performance. For this article the 100% point is set at the stock 975 BE scores. Every other result is expressed as a percentage of that result. For scored benchmarks, above 100% means the score was better than the stock 975 BE result and below means it was worse. For timed benchmarks, below 100% means the time was faster (better) and above means it was slower (worse). Each bar is paired with its relative percentage as well as the absolute score achieved on the benchmark for reference.
In parenthesis below the benchmark name inside the graphs, you will see what the benchmark measures (i.e. seconds, scored, MIPS, etc) as well as whether a higher or lower percentage is better. The bars in the graphs accurately reflect the proportions for how much better or worse each score is. This is done to lend a more clear understanding to readers looking to understand how much difference there is between these chips, and between their stock and overclocked settings.
With that, I’ve said enough and its time to let the numbers do some talking…
PoV Ray is a rendering tool, which includes a benchmark to calculate the number of pixels your machine can process per second.
The 7-zip benchmark performs a file compression and decompression test then averages those results. The resulting value it reports represents how many Millions of Instructions Per Second (MIPS) your system processed.
3DMark is well known as the gamer’s benchmark, with a trail of gamer oriented benchmarks that span beyond the last decade.
SuperPi, WPrime and Pifast are popular 2D benchmarks with enthusiasts. SuperPi 1M and Pifast are highly sensitive to CPU frequency, as the data set is small enough to fit entirely within the CPU cache; memory is a negligible factor with the scores from those apps. SuperPi 32M and WPrime 32M/1024M take considerably longer to run in comparison and are fairly sensitive to memory bandwidth and timings. CPU frequency is important in both, but only WPrime is multi-threaded taxing all cores simultaneously.
At the price point, it looks to me like the 975 BE is a solid contender for anyone looking to own a top of the line quad-core AMD processor and run it at stock settings. In this comparison, it consistently delivers a 5% performance advantage at stock over the 965BE. With this being the top of the AMD quad-core product line, that modest edge naturally comes at a modest premium over established members of the product line like the 965 BE which has been around for a year or so already. Alas, we are looking at Black Edition CPUs targeted at gamers and enthusiasts looking for more control – when overclocking, the advantages nearly disappear in these tests. Given how the performance shakes out, and the retail price of $159 for the 965BE, it may be best to put the money you’d save towards a good budget air cooler and see where a little extra voltage takes you!
That said, for less than $200 the 975 BE can put you at the forefront of AMD’s quad lineup, while the bottom of Intel’s Core series quad pricing starts just above that level (I feel safe ignoring LGA775 and you should too). With that sort of positioning in the market place, the AMD Phenom II X4 975 BE seals its fate… This one is Overclockers Approved folks!